Wednesday, November 23, 2011

Norse Files for its Third Shale Gas Horizontal

[Update April 2, 2012:  The proposed Spacing Unit Map associated with this application has been obtained in PDF form and uploaded here.]

Chenango County is starting to look like it could become Upstate New York's Pioneer of Marcellus and Utica Shale Gas, what with all three post-moratorium drilling permit applications being situated in that rural locale.

Technically, New York's tortured SGEIS process has still not fully run its course, and the shale gas moratorium remains in place.  But there's been one exploration and production company getting in line way early for drilling permits, in anticipation that the temporary ban will be declared over sometime in 2012.

The NYS DEC's public database of regulated wells shows Norse Energy on Nov. 14 put in another application — this time for a full-on horizontal Marcellus shale gas well to be called the Martin, C. 1H.  The proposed well pad location maps out near the uphill corner of Jones Hill Road and Town Line Road in the Town of McDonough.  If it ever happens, the outermost reach of the horizontally running drillbit would be deep under the valley of Genegantslet Creek, about one full mile away, across Route 220 in the Town of Smithville.

This blog previously broke the news on two similar applications, both also from Norse:  The Norse-Housing 1H, New York's first-ever-proposed full-on horizontal Utica project, in the Town of Smyrna.  And the Nowalk, R. 3H, Town of Smithville, which ranked as New York's first-proposed full-blown Marcellus application — but only as measured since the end of New York's now-nearly-four-year-old shale gas moratorium has finally come into view.

The royalty-paying unit which is proposed to include the Martin, C. 1H — together with follow-up horizontals — would be 320.38 acres.  That's only about half the size of how these sorts of projects have been typically envisioned and promoted.  Bigger units imply more wells or longer laterals from the same well pad, and therefore also lower overall surface impact.

The Marcellus shale layer is expected to be reached 3,055 feet deep at this latitude, and the driller's fully drilled depth (vertical, plus the turn, plus the horizontal) is expected to be 8,241 feet.

One final point of interest I just happened to notice in connection with this well:  As is true with much of Chenango County, there is so much state forest land scattered about in this immediate area, it is practically certain that New York State itself could expect to have significant acreage either voluntarily or compulsorily integrated by this unit. 

What that means is — under the state's ultra-conservationist forced pooling law — the DEC as assigned representative of the state's land-bound mineral interest would face three options, the same as any unsigned owner.  (Three options, that is, beyond simply voluntarily negotiating a lease with the operator.)  The formally established process forces unsigned owners to choose between:  1) Collecting a baseline royalty, the same as the lowest private deal in the unit, but no less than 12.5 percent.  2) Letting the driller "carry" them, in exchange for production profit once the well has paid for itself three times back.  3) Ponying up enough cash to fully participate in the well.

Under state law, there is no fourth option — the minority interest veto option so yearned for by anti-drilling activists — so long as the operator holds deals with ready, willing, and eager owners of at least 60 percent of the involved acreage, including the wellsite itself and any access path.

Friday, November 18, 2011

Letter from a Colorado Driller to Cortland Landowners: Best of Luck With Your Prospect

This text was read aloud by Cortland County landowner Robert Crowley at the DEC's SGEIS hearing, held in Binghamton, NY on the afternoon of Nov. 17.

The original was received by the leader of the Taylor Land Group, which is centered in a township in eastern Cortland County.  It came by email in reply to the group having
sent around — to more than 20 different exploration and production companies — coalition membership maps covering 13,000 unsigned acres.
Sent: Friday, October 7, 2011 5:55 PM
Subject: September 26th 2011

To whom it may concern at the Taylor Land Group,

I wanted to write you a quick e-mail in response to your September letter.  I don't know your group and this letter is in no way intended to throw stones at you all.  Your letter just ended up on my desk, and I wanted to write back to someone in New York with some thoughts.

We are a family-owned company out of Denver, Colorado.  We have six people in our office and are the definition of a small business.  We aren't "BIG OIL," and we appreciate the environment and the outdoors as much or more than most.  In fact, I am probably going to jump on my mountain bike after I finish writing this e-mail.

We've tried to do business in New York for the past decade and frankly it has been a very trying experience.  We've been stewards of the land, worked honestly with the surface and mineral owners, and generally tried to do business the right way.

From my grandfather to my dad to myself, we've had the pleasure of doing business in numerous countries around the world and states in the U.S., and we've never experienced the outright hostility to our industry as has been the case in New York.  Whether it is the government bureaucracy, the misinformation and outright lies about fracking, or the general hostility to resource development, your state simply does not want this industry's business.

New York very well might have tremendous Utica and Marcellus resources, but so do lots of other places like North Dakota, Nebraska, Wyoming, etc.  At some point you have to say, life is just too short and take your time, your jobs, your donations to the 4H and Fire Department, etc., and your money and put them someplace where they are appreciated and not reviled.

Like I said at the beginning, I am not pointing fingers at your group.  I just want you to know how I and probably lots of other people in my business feel.  If anyone in the Southern Tier needs a job, the most reviled company in America (Halliburton) is hiring 11,000 people this year in North Dakota alone.  Someone with a high school education can make $125,000/year within two years.  That job could be in New York, but it's not...

Best of luck with your prospect

Helm Energy / Mega Energy
Without more detail, or more digging, I can't say with absolute certainty if this is the same Mega, but it seems likely:  MegaEnergy Operating Inc. is still the DEC-listed operator on eight at-one-time planned or drilled wells running between Steuben County on the west and Broome County on the east.  None is still active today, and the wells appear to have been designed to test Oriskany sandstone, or Trenton-Black River limestone, from 2004 onward.

The DEC's well transfers database shows MegaEnergy during 2010 and 2011 formally transferred to Inflection Energy, LLC ownership and responsibility over four additional wells in Tioga County, NY.  One was a TBR well, and the others were Oriskanys, and — since there was an interested buyer — these wells might presumably someday show some production.

Keep in mind
that any well, in this part of upstate, reaching Oriskany sandstone also necessarily passes through Marcellus shale, and any well reaching Trenton-Black River goes through both Marcellus and Utica shales.  It's not unheard of, furthermore, for gas companies to disguise the true intentions of their test wells by listing a plausible-but-bogus "objective formation."

So this looks to me like a quiet business decision
by at least one North American E&P company to simply give up on New York State altogether after more-than-several years of effort.  And this was not so much because of geology — but because of a hostile regulatory and cultural environment for the natural gas business.

Cuomo, meanwhile, has come into office with a tout that New York State is now open for business.

Thursday, November 17, 2011

Photographs From Nov. 17 SGEIS Hearing in Binghamton: Landowners as Underdogs

This is a display from a recently formed pro-drilling coalition of both pro-business and pro-labor groups — together with landowners who originally organized themselves in order to attempt collective bargaining of leases with the drilling industry.  I'm not sure if I can put my finger on it, exactly, but the artwork has a very interesting leftist vibe to it — which, to my eye, is nicely counter-intuitive in the context of this dispute.

An anti-driller — sometime during the hearing — had apparently come along and planted signs in front of the hotel where the landowners had earlier gathered to warm up, and to pick up some swag, and to be fed lunch.  But the intrusion was soon thereafter eclipsed with more pro-gas signage, simply placed in front.
Nicole Jacobs from Energy In Depth, Northeast Marcellus Initiative.  This is an industry-organized and industry-funded web site, which has taken on the basically impossible job of correcting or counter-spinning significant misinformation coming from the anti-drilling side.  The freaky-but-effective, frack-related distortions have been very successfully spread by the Internet, or during in-person "educational forums" in the PA and NY areas over the last three or more years.  EID Northeast, on the other hand, has been trying to dig the pro-gas side out, since sometime earlier this year.
This was a new T-shirt on me, sponsored, as you can see, by, which looks like another outreach attempt from the American Petroleum Institute.  If it were up to me, I would not have printed anything on a yellow background.  But these did at least stand out for the day.
An usher told me the Forum officially held 1,527 seats.  But they didn't use the balcony to seat the crowd during the 1-4 p.m. session.  So I would say attendance in Binghamton on Nov. 17, midday round, was around 1,200.  It was tight, and occasionally more than a little testy.  That is Victor Furman with his arms folded on the right.  He earlier gave the DEC a three-minute piece of his mind, and he has also become a persistent pro-drilling voice in the Binghamton area, especially on the letters page, and in the thoroughly over-heated comments section of the online Press and Sun-Bulletin.
This is Hazel Brandt from Windsor, NY, and her very powerful, very personal, pro-drilling statement has been since preserved by EID-Northeast here.  Definitely worth a read.  She had to drop her cane in order to handle her notes.

The NYS DEC took testimony from as many speakers as they could fit in, between 1 and 4 p.m., at the rate of three minutes per speech — minus, of course, time lost to explaining ground rules, walks to the podium, applause and boos, official shushing of the applause and boos, and people who tried to go over their limit.

The anti's seemed to go over their limit quite a bit, which inevitably led the gassers to yell "Time!"

Having to sit and listen quietly to so much absolutely preposterous untruth — some from the excessively hopeful gassers, but by-far-most from everywhere-doom-seeing anti-drillers — was very difficult for me.  (And that was pretty much why I was not able to stick it out for the evening session, sorry to say.)  My only comfort, the whole day long, was the knowledge that soon somebody who shared my sentiments would be yelling "Time!"

Looking back, it occurs to me that that should be the landowners' rallying cry against all further shale gas delay:  "Time!"
This is Hazel Brandt again.  This was the right coat to wear to this event.  As the day progressed, I learned that I could tell which side each speaker would be on, immediately beforehand — based solely on garb, hair, and body type.  Only one speaker threw me — a tall female small-scale farmer in felted wool pants, whom I mistakenly thought for sure was going to be on the "Absolutely Not" side.  There were a surprising number of frack-o-phobic women who appeared to be nursing late-stage eating disorders, their pants on the verge of falling off.  The pro-gas side, on the other hand, both male and female, looked like a bunch of pretty enthusiastic eaters.  (Just FYI:  I'm in no position to throw out the first potato.)

One of the interesting things about this battle — and it's something that the generally under-40 media people simply don't have the life context to appreciate — is the fact that the anti-drilling side has been basically engaging in this sort of dramatic street showmanship, on one issue or another, their entire post-adolescent lives.  It's old hat to them.  (Hopefully, in a year or two, it'll be something new.  Possibly they'll be taking on the scenic blight of windmills — or some other, equally quixotic cause.)

The pro-gas side — not so much.

o get even a handful of these kinds of people out of their kitchens, their diners, their Masonic Lodges, or their volunteer firemen's halls — out onto the streets of Binghamton, NY — this issue must carry a lot of unprecedented, personal oomph for them.

And so here they are.

Many of these folks are the authentic old-guard anchors of upstate New York — my upstate New York.  But a surprising number of others are thickly accented NYC metropolitan transplants — with hearts of gold.  Or recent immigrants to the U.S.A. — who have discovered some unexpected obstructions to their personal American dreams.  Behind every face, I believe there is a story of
personal transformation.  But these have all been missed by reporters working today — so enamored are they with the latest fully-acted screaming sound-bite from Catskill Mountainkeeper.

Total bullshit.

Total friggin' bullshit.
On at least three occasions, I noticed anti-frackers smoking cigarettes in the street outside Binghamton's Forum Theater.  I had heard about this previously, but I was a little surprised to see it in person.  These guys are still smoking?  I mean, believe me — I'm all for free choice.  And, as an ex-nicotine junkie myself, I maybe hesitate a bit to sling this kind of mud.  But what is wrong with this kid?  If he's truly concerned about health risks, he should simply take a hard look at what he's already habitually sucking down.  Even if he actually worked full-time on a drilling rig, smoking is easily a thousand-times-bigger issue than any health impact his body would ever see from shale gas development.
As you can tell from the banner on my home page, this is my favorite message from the pro-gas side.  In fact, soon after it was put out in bumper sticker form, I wrote a whole post about just this message.  The fellow on the left is Douglas Lee (spelling?), and he later gave a speech inside, demolishing a long list of falsehoods from the anti-frack side, with a voice still nicely accented with his native tongue (which I don't know for sure, and which I didn't get a chance to ask).  The tall blond woman in the middle was the only speaker for which I could not guess her preference beforehand.  I forgot that I had seen her before the hearing started, standing out here with these characters.
I'm pretty sure this is Victor Furman, who was second in line for entry to the DEC's 1-4 p.m. hearing in Binghamton on Nov. 17.  I was there by maybe 9:30 a.m., and so he had to have planted himself sometime beforehand.  Very clever sign.  Later on, there was a speaker inside — a different fellow — who actually felt the need to explain his midday weekday presence with this:  "I'm able to be here today because I don't have a job... Welcome to the Valley of Opportunity."

That's a reference to an old catch-phrase for the Greater Binghamton area — the so-called Triple Cities — back when corporations like Endicott-Johnson, or Singer-Link, or IBM were credited with systematically improving the lives of thousands.  Now, for some reason, corporations
have been re-cast as villains (but not, strangely, not-for-profit corporations).
This is Dan Fitzsimmons, leader of the Joint Landowners Coalition of New York, which is what I like to call "the coalition of coalitions" in upstate New York.  Formed in the Fall of 2008 — shortly after New York's temporary shale gas moratorium got started — JLCNY today claims to represent more than 20,000 households, 70,000 people, and 800,000 acres, mostly in the Southern Tier.

Given the popularity of the drilling issue within upstate media, you would think Fitzsimmons would already be findable, pictured many times on Google Images — and also be findable, quoted hundreds of times, on Google News.  Instead, I assert that JLCNY and Fitzsimmons and many others on the pro-gas side have been routinely ignored by upstate media — especially those outlets originating as daily newspapers. 

This is simply because the current generation of journalists is too committed to a reflexive (but essentially untruthful) enviro's-versus-industry narrative.  Tell me, where do the pro-drilling landowners fit in this narrative?  Where do the job-hungry labor unions fit?  Or the pro-drilling chambers of commerce?  The story that's customarily told — over and over again — is not the whole truth, and it's not the whole story.  And my frustration level on this point is beyond bursting.

I know Fitzsimmons has been called for a quote once or twice before, but I believe this is the first web-posted photo of him.  Three years later — this is the first.  To me, that is amazing. 
I think I'm now officially starting to lose track of the number of web sites that have been created, over the last two years or so, with the specific calibration of taking the pro-shale gas side — in a seemingly authentic, grassroots way.  In my recollection, Shale Country was one of the earlier entrants — leading with some fairly artfully done slide-shows-with-voiceovers.  But there wasn't much updating or follow-through — which is certain death for any web site.  I don't know enough about the genealogy of the oil and gas policy family to be able to explain all the subtle shadings and differences, presumably traceable to all the various funding sources.  All I know is, with regard to this Marcellus Shale and Utica Shale fight, everything in NY and PA has been too little and too late from the pro-drilling side. 

All hindsight, and no foresight, in other words. 

Running forward, we shall see.

Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Industry's Bad Bet on NYS from 2006:
Leases on State Forests Expire Today

Here is a little-known, and little-appreciated fact:  Today — Nov. 15, 2011 — five-year leases on 19,227 acres of New York State-owned forestland, bid out to the natural gas industry in 2006, expire according to the terms on their face.

I know it does seem hard to fathom that the Vampire State ever, in recent memory, wielded enough decisive, clear-headed authority to actually engage in bonafide business-like transactions with the oil and gas industry.

But it is true.  I mean — it was true, five years ago today.
These are the 19,227 acres of state forest land New York State leased to the natural gas industry for five years, starting 11/15/2006 — about half of which did, in fact, allow for surface drilling operations:  Broome/Tioga 1 = Tracy Creek; Cortland 1 = Hewitt; Cortland 3 = Kennedy; Cortland 9 and 10 = Tuller Hill; Tioga 1 = Fairfield; Tioga 2 = Oakley Corners; Tioga 3 = Robinson Hollow; Tioga 4 = Anderson Hill; Tioga 6 = Ketchumville; Tioga 7 = Jenksville; Tompkins 4 = Potato Hill; Chemung 1C = Catlin; Chemung 2 = Maple Hill; Schuyler 4 = Coon Hollow; Steuben 5A = West HIll.
Adding up signing bonuses and delay rentals spread over the full primary terms of these leases, New York State was paid nearly $9.5 million by the winning bidders, Chesapeake Energy out of Oklahoma, and Fortuna, now known as Talisman, out of Canada.  The public lands ran in an arc across the southern end of the Finger Lakes region, ranging from West Hill State Forest near Painted Post in Steuben County on the southwest, to Hewitt State Forest in Cortland County's Town of Scott on the northeast. 

These and prior mineral transactions are still explained online in bureaucratese by the NYS DEC on its web pages here

Also, I've gone over all this in detail twice before:  First, while countering completely wild, activist perceptions from October 2010 that future leasing of state land for oil and gas purposes would somehow represent some sort of unprecedented or catastrophic threat to public land.  And, second, while raising questions of both wisdom and fairness, following the Cuomo Administration's terribly short-sighted decision in July 2011 (as part of the tortured fracking-related SGEIS process), to lay down a blanket ban against any future surface use of these state lands for shale gas development.

The Nov. 15, 2006 deals were inked approximately 14 months before the possibilities of shale gas became widely known in Appalachia.  Since that time, however, much hard-bitten and cynical hindsight, coming from observers outside the industry, has created the revisionist mythology that sharp-dealing oil and gas executives always secretly know what their plans are for years beforehand — and that their 2000-2007 leasing behavior in NY, PA, OH, and WV was specifically calibrated by a desire to screw unknowing landowners out of their shale gas.

At the time of bidding, Summer 2006, I was into my seventh year of running title for this industry — mostly, believe it or not, on projects situated inside the boundaries of New York State!   I can tell you from first-hand experience that the E&P decision-makers very often do not, in fact, know what their plan is — certainly not with any reliable certainty, much more than a year or so ahead of time.  (I mean, they may have a plan in advance, but it hardly ever works out as planned.)  Furthermore, I can tell you from first-hand experience that both CHK and TLM operations in New York State were in 2006 still single-mindedly motivated by the prospect of seismically discovering — and proving by horizontal drilling, without the need for any hydraulic fracturing — natural gas tucked away in discrete pockets of dolomitized Trenton-Black River limestone.  Back then, that was "the play."  Sandstone would have been a Plan B effort.  And shale gas would have been a futuristic theory. 

Since that time — in the Northeast, and in New York in particular — the natural gas game has totally changed. 

Some of that change was economic — though driven by a sweeping technological revolution:  It turns out that producing natural gas through the extra effort of hydraulically fracturing shalebeds within parallel, rectangular sections was a much surer thing — compared to the crapshoot of trying to hit an unverified sweet spot within limestone or sandstone.

The rest of that change was regulatory — though driven by a sweeping political firestorm:  New York State installed a supposedly temporary shale gas moratorium, quietly since at least Feb. 15, 2008, and by public pronouncement since July 23, 2008 — which turned out to be a very unfortunate regulatory hesitation, clearing the stage for activists to ruin the rest of the show with uninformed babble.

You add those two landslide changes together, and — in the five years since all that money changed hands in New York, starting on Nov. 15, 2006 — there hasn't been any drilling on or near any of this leased state land.  And, needless to say, no production, and no royalty — which would have been beneficial, in one way or another, to state taxpayers.

None!  Can you believe that?  Who can run a business this way?  Buy something for $9.5 million, and then never even get a crack at earning any payback?  (And, of course, this $9.5 million was just a small portion of what they were then spending statewide, largely on deals with private landowners.)

The bottom line is that all the best-laid plans of CHK, and TLM (and Anschutz Exploration, and Norse Energy) have fallen by the wayside hereabouts — simply because New York State turned out to be a Very Bad Bet.  Sure, I mean — business is business, and shit does happen.  But this is no way to govern a state economy.

I mean, really, let's ask a fair question here:  Tell me again who got screwed on these deals from 2006?

I saw the whole collapse happen personally.  I still remember the day the cell phones buzzed, and they moth-balled the last job I had a piece of in CNY.  Immediately thereafter, and for nearly the last three years, me and nearly all my New York-based colleagues have been forced to shift the horizons of our employment to either other fields entirely, or to shale gas projects out of state.  It's true that some of us are still paying income taxes as New York State residents, but the land work involved has been virtually all out-of-state acreage, with mostly out-of-state economic impact.

You ask me, I say the whole thing has been just one Big Blown Opportunity for New York.

Regarding these as-it-turns-out-useless state lands leases, Chesapeake has been already reported — through beyond-the-norm journalistic effort by Jon Campbell of the Gannett organization — to have had its lawyer write to the NYS DEC, asserting a claim to indefinite extensions under the customary "force majeure" clause.  CHK's argument is, through no fault of its own, it has been stymied from proceeding as contracted under the leases by a superior force — specifically the disruptive regulatory power of New York State itself, which is still ongoing.

The counter argument, of course, is that these companies were still completely free to look for natural gas within the conventional prospects of drilling to limestone or sandstone, which is the main thing they contemplated at the time of leasing, but something they simply chose not to do afterwards.  This is, of course, a good point in the theoretical world, but a pointless point in the real world of actual business — especially the fast-shifting oil and gas business.

No word yet on whether Talisman has similarly put its lawyers to work, sometime prior to today's lease expiration, laying down a claim against NYS for extensions on their share of these state lands deals.  (Or demanding a refund.)

And no word yet on whether either gas company plans to sue — partly on the additional grounds that New York State used its regulatory power to unfairly and unilaterally change the terms of its own deals, and partly on the question of whether drilling for shale gas shouldn't be "grandfathered in" on previously leased state forests, some of which remain "held by production" from drilling activity undertaken based on rights from even older deals.

Monday, November 14, 2011

This is Sanford, NY — Where They Want to Put Through Bluestone's Pipeline From PA

They say a picture is worth 1,000 words, but — knowing me — this one will probably take me nearly that, just to tell you why I find it so interesting.  (And infuriating!)

This is a page from Revised Exhibit I — Part 9, filed with the New York State Public Service Commission on Nov. 9, 2011 (along with much additional material, all of it certain to be ignored by the one-angle-only reporters at Gannett's Binghamton Press).  It may not look like much, but it's by a Michigan-based environmental consultant (URS), working for a Michigan-based pipeline company (Bluestone), which is going through all the necessary bureaucratic hoops, so as to win official permission to build a pipeline right through this spot.

Industry needs to move natural gas from Marcellus shale gas production zones in the Northern Tier of Pennsylvania, into the Southern Tier of New York State.  This is where they want to go with the natgas, up into New York State, because that's where one of the bigger long-distance pipelines is, the so-called Millennium Pipeline.  Even before the Marcellus shale boom boomed, the Millennium had already been installed, and enlarged, so as to move lots of supply easterly to the big, high-paying demand — New York City and environs.

So this photo is simply an out-of-state environmental professional's documentation of part of the proposed Bluestone route, as it sat on a summer day in 2010, in the intervening Town of Sanford, Broome County — which is a rural outpost south of Binghamton, NY.

Pretty dull stuff, except when you consider this:  Just look at the sorry state of this guy's property!  Junkers galore!  And there has obviously not been any livestock grazing in this area for some time.  (Nor, for that matter, any John Deeres, or the ambition to run them.)  It's funny, but it's also sad — and it reminds me a lot of many, many, many rural scenes in and around my hometown, Whitney Point, NY (also nestled in Broome County).

The situational contrast is blinding.

This natural gas would be originating, a few short miles to the south, out of Pennsylvania, where landowners are getting paid bonus, rental, royalty, and pipeline footage fees, and where people are getting put to work, right and left (some of them New Yorkers, and some of them colleagues of mine) — mostly because state government down there is balanced enough to know how to let the private sector do its job already!

Downstream, this natural gas would be consumed — for heat, or electricity, or both, and at a significant discount lately, due to the supply glut caused by the shale gas revolution — by the well-meaning (but-often-clueless) denizens of Greater New York City.  These are a lot of the same folks who have been so easily freaked out about the dangers of upstate fracking, due to outlandish persuasive pressure from intellectually unprincipled environmental activists — generally working full-time out of New York's well-monied Hudson Valley.

Stuck in the middle is the owner of the upstate land in this photograph — some poor sucker out of Broome County, NY, who maybe (if this pipeline ever goes through), will receive so many dollars per linear foot for letting it be buried beneath his pastoral junkyard.  But the lion's share of his land value — with minerals alone reportedly worth upwards of $5,000 per acre, just to get ink on a lease (based on values just over the border in Susquehanna County, PA) — remains threatened with permanent lockup, at the hands of manufactured fear, willful ignorance, colossal cynicism, and the exercise of pure economic and political power, one class of citizens against the rest.

And this part of New York just stays junked-up, run-down, and poor — forever-more?

See, this — this is what kills me.

It's not right.

It's just not right.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

New York's Anti-Frackers Buy Air Time:
"I'm Worried About Jimmy's Asthma!"

It's true, both Halloween and Election Day are finally, and thankfully, over.

But, just to state the obvious here, it's already clear that the frightful campaign against upstate New York ever developing its indigenous shale gas resource is gonna keep on beating an ominous, non-stop drum — far into November, and beyond.

In fact, these guys have not yet fleshed out all the possible persuasive angles. 

With apparently no shortage of money to spend, the job of freaking out New York State's mass public has already been assigned to the same sort of Will-Smear-For-Money media specialists who make a decent seasonal living, crafting negative electoral campaign advertising.  These are the technicians who spend their days scripting slander, rehearsing voiceover sneers, and choosing between assortments of hellacious background noise. 

Did you hear this latest anti-frack ad?

Here is a link to an MP3 of a commercial which — to my knowledge — aired for the first time Nov. 8 and 9 (Election Day, and the day after Election Day) on Fred Dicker's weekday talk-radio show, "Live From the State Capital," which is broadcast on Talk 1300 AM in the Albany area. 

[Dicker himself had, a week or so previously, given an immediate review of the first installment from his new sponsor, intoning, "This commercial is a pack of lies!" — as previously covered by this blog here.]

Mostly out of a sense of quiet outrage, I have killed part of my Saturday, going to the trouble of isolating and preserving this recording — together with a transcription of the dialogue — so that others might check it all out in detail.

Here's how it goes:
Woman:  You know, this whole fracking thing is really driving me nuts.

Man:  Well, the ad on TV said we have an endless supply of energy right under our feet.

Woman:  You mean an endless supply of trouble!

Man:  What?

Woman:  Did you know when they suck the toxic fracking fluid back up to the surface, it brings up radioactive particles and bacteria that have been buried underground for millions of year?

Man:  That doesn't sound good!

Woman:  And then they want to take the fracking fluid to our water treatment plant to process it before it goes in the river.

Man:  Where our drinking water comes from!

Woman:  Exactly!

Man:  [Unaccountably speaking with sudden knowledge and resolve] They say the air quality near fracking operations is worse than Mexico City!  I'm worried about Jimmy's asthma!

Woman:  You know what really bugs me is that we don't have any say in this.  There's no local control over fracking operations.

Man:  It doesn't seem right.  But what can we do about it?

Woman:  Well, I saw this video called A Million Fracking Letters.  It's a campaign to get people to write to the governor.  He's the only person who can stop fracking from happening in New York.

Man:  [Limbaugh-esque stammer] I haven't written a letter in years!

Woman:  Well, maybe it's time!

Announcer:  If you think fracking shouldn't happen in New York, please write to Governor Cuomo today.  Your letter can make a difference.  Brought to you by A Million Fracking Letters Dot Com.
I have checked around, and I have visited the home page of the basically anonymous author, A Million Fracking Letters Dot Com, and I can tell you that there are currently no other audio or textual samples of this gem available anywhere online.  Not even linked from their Facebook pages.  It's just not there.

This fact is significant to me. 

To me, this means the money behind this ad wants to hit, to shift, and to run — without ever having to stand behind the campaign's ghastly assertions. 

The radio ad works like a mysterious vapor — it envelopes, and it drapes, and it insinuates — but nobody ever has to own up to it. 

See, now — this, I don't like.

Fact-wise, we could go at this piece in a number of possible places.  But let's start with the bacteria!  That one's definitely creative, new, and out there.

The ad makes the preposterous claim that hydraulic fracturing in order to produce natural gas from shale somehow threatens to unleash upon the modern world bacteria from millions of years ago.

On the one hand, you know, it's got that whiff of intellectual reasonableness to it — especially if your audience possesses the background theoretical knowledge that all fossil fuels trace their origins to ancient life.

But, on the other hand, it does seem a bit late to be bringing this up, don't you think? 

I mean, it seems pretty late as an objection to coal, or oil, or natural gas development — given the number of decades or centuries over which humans have been known to exploit these buried fossil carbon resources:  Outcropped coal, burned since at least the Bronze Age, 3000–2000 BC.  Natural gas, piped for domestic consumption at least since a well was dug to shale for that purpose by William Hart, 1821, Fredonia, NY.  And American oil, produced on an industrially drilled scale, at least since Colonel Drake's famous well, 1859, Titusville, PA. 

If there's been any fossilized bacteria brought back to a havoc-wreaking life, due to the age of fossil fuels, you would think it would have made the papers by now.

I don't know how your brain works, but this is how my brain works:  When I hear stuff like this, I immediately lose all confidence and all respect I might have been otherwise willing to (temporarily) lend to the source. 

In political jargon, this is called "loss of credibility."

And, without saying anything more, I hope my simple act of documenting this ad campaign causes this sponsor to suffer similar losses with you — and with any other readers who might happen to hear about this.

Friday, November 4, 2011

Finally! Video of Dr. Smith's Marcellus Shale Lecture Kicked Loose Under FOIL

Capping nearly six months of persistence under New York's Freedom of Information Law, the blog NY Shale Gas Now is finally able to broadcast video coverage of an informative (but not excessively wild) lecture on the geology of Marcellus Shale by New York State Geologist Langhorne "Taury" Smith.

It is still a matter of conjecture who or what made this whole caper necessary in the first place.  As covered in chronological detail in a separate blog post here, it all started when the video for Dr. Smith's April 7, 2011, appearance at SUNY UB was mysteriously withheld afterwards by the series-sponsoring Geology Department.

The other seven speakers in the series — a group of professionals ranging from fellow geologists, to industry executives, to lawyers, to former agency people — all had their talks given permanent coverage online for all who could not attend in person.  But Smith, unaccountably, had only his PowerPoint file put up.  In fact, the link space for Dr. Smith's video is still marked at the time of this writing with an asterisked apology on SUNY UB's web page directing viewers to each of these files.

The situation looked alarmingly related to a prior incident, occurring that same Spring, and triggered by a generally pro-natural gas interview Smith had given to the Albany Times-Union.  It looked like he had haplessly wandered into an entanglement with administrative overseers within the State Education Department, which sits above the State Museum, the branch of state government where he works.  The conflict was apparently rooted in bureaucratic perceptions to the effect that public touchiness over the thoroughly contentious shale gas/hydraulic fracturing issue meant Smith was suddenly going to have to clear all his public statements beforehand with PR staffers.

The moves against Smith in the weeks afterwards struck many free-thinking observers as a public muzzling, or as outright censorship — and as a panic-led assault upon the stature of publicly employed subject-matter experts.  And it raised the spectre that the Marcellus Shale debates had gotten so out of hand in New York State, freedom of thought — and freedom of discussing and sharing ordinary scientific information — was now in danger of being lost.

Anyway — whether that's really yet in question or not — I, for one, was not gonna put up with that shit. 

So here is Dr. Smith's lecture:

[Here also is a link to a download-able copy of Dr. Smith's accompanying visual aids in PowerPoint, which will be kind of important to have on your desktop during the lecture, since these slides will not be visible within the video.]

And here is Dr. Smith's Q&A:

Update 12 [See Note at End]: Blogger Prevails in Using FOIL to Force Public Video of a Lecture by NYS Geologist Smith

 NYS Geologist Taury Smith in a 
screen shot from a Sept. 2010 
YouTube video — prior to the 
clampdown by State Ed.

State-paid geological expert Dr. Langhorne "Taury" Smith — current holder of the 175-year-old title of New York State Geologist — gave a lecture on the controversial bedrock known as Marcellus Shale April 7 at SUNY's University at Buffalo.

But video covering both his talk and the Q&A afterwards have so far been mysteriously withheld from public view.

A web page here from UB's Department of Geology breaks down the schedule for all eight speakers in this Spring's Marcellus Shale Lecture Series — including links to video and graphic files from all but the most recent, or still-pending, talks.

Except for Smith.

Yes, his 63-slide PowerPoint is there.  But not the video.  Instead, anybody who missed Smith's talk and wants to catch up finds an asterisk — as of the date of this writing — leading to this vaguely worded apology:  "We are sorry but the talk by Langhorne 'Taury' Smith cannot be made available at this time."

What's all this about?

Back on March 14, Smith made some seismic waves in the Empire State's currently touchy political landscape by going on record on the Marcellus Shale question with James M. Odato of the Albany Times-Union.  After more than two years of either nobody in the media asking, or him not being ready to give much of an answer, Smith came forth with suggestions that much of the activist-led hullaballoo over hydraulic fracturing has been exaggerated, distorted, disingenuous, or just plain wrong.

The backlash was immediate.  Smith works under the New York State Museum, a wing of the state Education Department, which is where staffers from the state's at-one-time independent Geologicial Survey wound up after an administrative shakeup in the year 2000.  Stunned by Smith's coming out of the closet, viz-a-viz his orientation regarding fracking, State Ed brass immediately muzzled him through administrative policy:  No more talks with reporters without a PR flack running interference.  Odato, on March 28, also had the scoop on this deliciously against-the-grain turn of events.

Before and since, however, Smith was apparently still free to give public lectures on the ordinarily dusty topic of geology — even the geology of Marcellus and Utica shales — without requiring a clipboard-toting escort from Public Relations. 
On March 11, Smith gave a talk at a day-long forum held in Blasdell, NY, as evidenced by this newsletter page from the host Penn Dixie Paleontological Outdoor Education Center/Hamburg Natural Historical Society.  Under New York's Freedom of Information Law, NY Shale Gas Now more than a month ago requested a copy of Smith's presentation out in Western New York — in whatever recorded form that may take.  But the request seems to have been overlooked by minions with the state Ed Dept. (or else it simply got confused with a second similar request, as follows).

On April 7, Smith spoke at UB's series, though it's unknown whether he simply gave the same talk all over again.  Lodging another FOIL request for records related to this appearance, NY Shale Gas Now recently received a CD-burned copy of Smith's PowerPoint overheads.  But it turns out to be the same file as what's already posted on the web on UB's Geology Department pages.  Not included are Smith's written version of his talk, or digital video of the actual appearance. 

We shall have to see about an appeal.  

But it is an interesting twist, don't you think?  The academic community is ordinarily exceedingly touchy — and rightly so — about issues of intellectual freedom, censorship, and so on.  And yet here we find an eerie, deafening silence over what the bureaucrats have done — and are doing — to Smith.

One final historical note, which just kills me, every time I think about it:  James Hall, the 19th Century geologist and paleontologist who actually first described and named Marcellus Shale for the scholarly record, is a predecessor of Smith's as New York State Geologist.  More interesting history here.

Update 1:  On May 20, after having some morning coffee and thinking it over, I decided to skip trying to follow through with the State Ed Dept. — and instead lodged a FOIL request with UB.  I made you guys a copy of my request letter here.

Brian T. Hines, Records Access Officer
Human Resources/Employee Relations
120 Crofts Hall
(SUNY) University at Buffalo

Re:  Freedom of Information Law Request for Records [lodged by email]

Dear Mr. Hines:

Under the provisions of New York's often-cited Freedom of Information Law, Article 6 of the Public Officers Law, I hereby request a copy of records, or portions thereof, pertaining to video files covering a lecture — as well as the question and answer period afterward — given by New York State Geologist Langhorne "Taury" Smith on April 7, 2011, at the University of Buffalo, as put on by that institution's Geology Department.

Should you require further details as to the nature of these records — or evidence of the existence of these records — please check the second row of the table on the attached PDF, referencing Smith's lecture entitled, "Geology of the Black Shales of New York."  Note that this PDF functions as a record of a UB Geology Department web page as it reads as of this writing, and you can see the current, online version of this page here:

I understand there may be fees for duplication of the records requested, should that prove to be necessary.  However, were the video files in question to be simply made available to the general public on the web — in the same fashion as the other lecturers have been given such diligent coverage — that would certainly satisfy my request for access, since I do have a pretty workable Internet connection.

As you know, the Freedom of Information Law requires that an agency respond to a request within five business days of receipt of a request.  Therefore, I would appreciate a response as soon as possible and look forward to hearing from you shortly.

If for any reason any portion of my request is denied, please inform me of the reasons for the denial in writing and provide the name and address of the person or body to whom an appeal should be directed.

Thank you very much!

Andy Leahy

Blogging and Tweeting as:  NY Shale Gas Now 

Update 2:  On Thursday, May 26, at my nudging, Buffalo News business section columnist David Robinson swung into action with a few phone calls for a Sunday column on this topic.  To my knowledge, Robinson is the only mainstream media person to have actually sat through and reported on Taury Smith's April 7 UB lecture.  Robinson's prior column can be gleaned here.

Robinson appears to have had his column already written -- and he was out of the building, ready for a long holiday weekend -- before I even had a chance to email him back.  But this is part of what I wrote him back:

Hi David,

Thanks for taking this on.

Yes, I have received this canned preliminary FOIL response from UB:


As for why the video is being withheld, I think there are probably only two people who could give you an honest answer on that -- Taury Smith himself, but he's obviously no longer able to speak freely, and Marcus Bursik, chair of UB's Geology Department, organizer of the Marcellus Shale lecture series, and presumably a tenured SUNY faculty member.

It does seem pretty nutty -- as though somebody out there is simply not thinking straight. You're the only media person I know of who actually attended the talk. Was Dr. Smith falsely shouting "Fire!" in a crowded lecture hall?

To be totally fair, last week I sent Dr. Bursik a couple emails, and I left him a voicemail, inviting him to give us all an innocent explanation, if one exists. Maybe the camera ran out of battery power. Maybe a freshman spilled hydrochloric acid on the hard drive holding the video files. But Dr. Bursik hasn't gotten back to me. Again, it could be he's already left town for the summer, and he's out in the field, taking the pulse on a volcano someplace -- I just don't know.


Update 3:  Sunday, May 29, in the middle of a long holiday weekend, Robinson's column runs here.  Copy'n'paste anti-frack free-lancers immediately start to fill up the comments section with intentionally spun drivel.  But will the rest of the media flock take any notice?  If it was a so-called green activist, similarly put down, all bedlam and mayhem would immediately break loose across the hillside.  Here, though, I bet they simply continue to ruminate passively, staring blankly at the distant horizon -- or at the hind ends of their nearest peers.

Update 4:  Tuesday, May 31, I follow up with a letter to the editor of The Buffalo News.  That very evening, they have somebody dutifully call me at home in order to confirm that I am who I say I am, and that I'm at where I say I'm at.  But, two days later, still no letter appears.

To the Editor:

Thanks to David Robinson for his May 29 column, “Why muzzle pro-fracking geologist?”  This was about a public lecture given April 7 on the geology of black shales by New York State Geologist Dr. Langhorne “Taury” Smith -- the video for which remains mysteriously withheld by host SUNY University at Buffalo.

I am apparently alone in feeling blown away by this situation -- which looks a lot like an unthinking, white-knuckled attempt to suppress both expertise and information.  The two institutions involved (SUNY and the State Education Department) are supposedly devoted to education -- and yet they now quietly collaborate in order to prevent landowners, taxpayers, and citizens of New York from learning the views of somebody we employ specifically for his geological expertise.

Professor James Hall -- the father of New York's Geological Survey, Smith's 19th Century predecessor as New York State Geologist, and the dude who actually named Marcellus Shale -- is probably banging the lid on his coffin right now!

On the Marcellus shale question, and the Utica shale question, there are well-meaning, well-educated people in New York State who would prefer that we all believe the emotionally manipulative filmed views of a banjo player-slash-theater director, than to allow the intellectually curious among us to hear an hour-long shale gas lecture on digital video from a state-employed PhD in geology.

You ask me, I think we should have way more respect for the people who do the science.

Tell me again -- what country is this?

How long have I been asleep?

What do we have SUNY for -- if this is how we treat the sort of experts they graduate?

Andy Leahy

SUNY Oswego (Bachelor's, Political Science, '85)

SUNY ESF (Master's, Environmental Science, '95)

Update 5:  Friday night, June 3.  I spend some time reading, writing, and tweeting — and updating the conversation on some web sites devoted to what now ranks as the Marcellus landowners' cause.

In the short run, I can't tell whether it makes any difference at all.

But I can tell you that I got New People.

Like this:

MT @NYShaleGasNow: Bureaucrats openly censor NYS Geologist, and there is no recourse — except for this #natgas #tcotFri Jun 03 23:36:04 via Twitter for BlackBerry®

Or like this:

@NYShaleGasNow Andy, the willful ignorance, drama and false claims on this issue are stunning.  Appreciate what you're doing.Sat Jun 04 01:08:42 via Echofon

It occurs to me suddenly that the powers that be in New York State have shocked me with their zeal for control.  This is about freedom of information -- and freedom of knowledge.  And, it turns out, I can never be on the team which opposes these things -- the team that suppresses freedom.

I break ranks.

I walk.


Update 6:  Sunday, June 5.  My letter runs here a week later in The Buffalo News — which stands to reason, since it's a remark upon an item only Sunday readers would have had a chance to see as it originally appeared.  Another letter writer, Larry Beahan, takes the other side in this debate — but with an outrageous attack upon Smith's professional background that runs thick with an angry, half-blind, eyebrow-scrunched (though well-crafted) cynicism.  I gather from the comments that this is how Beahan and the enviro's do things out in WNY.

Update 7:  Previously, on May 25, 2011, the Records Access people from SUNY UB had sent me a canned email indicating they would need 20 business days to get their heads wrapped around this situation.  You may not believe this, but I actually marked my calendar to the effect that there should be something popping by, say, June 23. 

Well, I got this email today:
Subject:     FOIL Request - File #:  11-035
Date:         June 22, 2011 5:27:47 PM EDT

Dear Mr. Leahy,

This agency has determined that we are unable to respond to your request within the twenty business day timeframe, due to the difficulty in retrieving the information requested.  It is anticipated that those records that you have requested that are disclosable under FOIL and the Personal Privacy Protection Law will be provided to you within twenty business days from the date of this email.

Thank you for your patience in this matter

Brian T. Hines
Records Access Officer
Employee Relations
University at Buffalo
Please consider the environment before printing this e-mail.
So — unless I'm being way too hopeful in my interpretation of the English language — it looks like they're going to have to cave under the pressure of my old reportorial friend FOIL, and release the damn Taury Smith video, already.


Only 20 more business days!!! 

...Now, where is my calendar?

Update 8:  Here's my next email from UB: 

Subject:   RE: FOIL Request - File #:  11-035
Date:       July 21, 2011 12:21:51 PM EDT

Sent on behalf of Brian T. Hines
Records Access Officer


We are unable to respond to your Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) request within twenty business days from our last email because of the complexity of the information requested.  It is anticipated that those records that you have requested that are disclosable under FOIL and the Personal Privacy Protection Law will be provided to you within twenty business days from the date of this email.

Thank you for your patience in this matter.

Brian T. Hines

Mary Ann Lawson
Employee Relations
University at Buffalo

Update 9:  And then, 20 business days later, they did it again!

Subject:  FOIL Request - File #:  11-035
Date:       August 18, 2011 1:22:49 PM EDT

Sent on behalf of Brian T. Hines
Records Access Officer


We are unable to respond to your Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) request within twenty business days from our last email because of the complexity of the information requested, and the difficulty in retrieving the information requested.   It is anticipated that those records that you have requested that are disclosable under FOIL and the Personal Privacy Protection Law will be provided to you, within twenty business days from the date of this email.

Thank you for your patience in this matter.

Brian T. Hines

Mary Ann Lawson
Employee Relations
University at Buffalo

Update 10:  By email, September 16, 2011:

NYS Committee on Open Government
Executive Director, Robert J. Freeman
Department of State
One Commerce Plaza
99 Washington Avenue, Suite 650
Albany, NY 12231

Mr. Freeman,

Can you help me out on this?

I'm linking a blog piece here, which covers all the particulars of this as-yet-unfulfilled FOIL request:

In short, I'm looking to compel the release — believe it or not — of a video record of a public lecture on the geology of Marcellus shale given at SUNY UB, April 7, 2011, by NYS Geologist Dr. Langhorne "Taury" Smith.

So far, UB has put me off three times, not counting their original reply.

Let me ask you something — can they simply do this indefinitely, under the law?

Andy Leahy

Blogging and Tweeting as: NY Shale Gas Now

Update 11:  New York State's publicly employed FOIL watchdog tells me SUNY UB must release this video under the law, in an email which I immediately forwarded to the local records access folks.

Subject:  RE: Andy Leahy's 5-20-2011 FOIL request of SUNY UB
Date:      September 19, 2011 10:11:08 AM EDT

Dear Mr. Leahy:

First, as you may be aware, the term “record” is defined in §86(4) of FOIL to include “any information kept, held, filed, produced or reproduced by, with or for an agency….in any physical form whatsoever…”   Therefore, if the video at issue is maintained by SUNY, which clearly is an agency, it is constitutes an agency record subject to rights of access conferred by FOIL.

Second, if the video captures an event that was open to the public or  to students and could have been seen by anyone present, I believe that it is accessible under FOIL.  In short, none of the grounds for denial of access would be applicable.

And third, an agency cannot repeatedly delay its response to a request.  Further, if an agency fails to abide by the time limits for responding, the request may be deemed denied, and the applicant has the right to appeal.  The person designated to determine appeals at SUNY is Geraldine Gauthier in SUNY’s Office of Counsel.  Attached is a description of an agency’s duties concerning the time within which agencies must respond to requests.

I believe, too, that we communicated when you were a student at SUNY/Oswego.  Am I correct?  I’ll be there on Thursday evening to speak.

Robert J. Freeman
Executive Director
Committee on Open Government

Update 12:  As of September 21, Hines of SUNY UB had written to apologize for letting this slip through the cracks.  As of October 4, the necessary DVD was available for my in-person pickup — but way out in Buffalo.  As of October 11, the DVD was in the mail to me in a postage-paid envelope supplied by me.  When I got it, however, I found the DVD would only play on my TV setup, but not on my computer, nor could I figure out any alternate way to get it transferred.  Eventually, I admitted technical defeat, and hired a specialist to convert it into a form my computer could handle.  That's what I killed most of yesterday and today working on.  Anyway, I have created a separate blog post, which links to the videos of Dr. Smith's lecture and his question-and-answer session, both now freely available on YouTube.

Norse Files For Permit on a Horizontal Marcellus — First in NY in 2 Longgg Years

[Update April 2, 2012:  The proposed Spacing Unit Map associated with this application has been obtained in PDF form and uploaded here.]

Online records here show beleaguered penny stock Norse Energy on October 25 filed with the NYS DEC Minerals Division an application to horizontally drill for Marcellus shale gas — a project proposed as the so-called Nowalk, R. 3H well, Town of Smithville, Chenango County.

For the much-talked-about Marcellus, this is the first such permit request to be put on file within the Former Empire State since Chesapeake Appalachia applied for four Davies 2 laterals in the Town of Erin, Chemung County, on October 26, 2009 — almost exactly two longgg years ago.

Norse's proposed drillsite is an open field (presumably owned by a party named R. Nowalk), situate west of Engaard Road, at a point south of its intersection with Stone Quarry Hill Road, but well north of County Route 3, and northeast of the hamlet of Smithville Center. [For the clearest possible view, click my map above into a separate window, and do some zooming.]

The application shows Norse expects to have to go 3,349 feet deep at that spot to get into the Marcellus shale layer, and then the operator proposes to go a total drilled distance of 10,426 feet — that is, vertical depth, plus the turn, plus the lateral reach.  The "bottom hole," in other words, would be under an otherwise oblivious field near Pollard Road, about 1.4 miles as the crow flies from the surface operation.

If successful (and that is not a sure bet this far north), under New York State law both signed and unsigned owners of 636.72 acres of surrounding, rectangularly delineated countryside would stand to get paid royalty, most likely the no-longer-customary 12.5 percent.  That would be based on natural gas production from the Nowalk, R. 3H — combined, in the future, with three or five follow-up wells laid out so as to radiate northwesterly and southeasterly from the same centralized pad.

Remember that a similar move by Norse triggered a round of investor-oriented talk and mainstream coverage back shortly after July 13, for being the first operator in New York State to get its paperwork ready to seek permission for a full-on Utica shale well — a story nudged along by this blog here.

Since that time, things have only gotten bleaker for Norse, as follows (though not necessarily in chronological order): 1) The company suspended its conventional drilling program in Herkimer and similar sandstones, arguing that it needed to preserve resources for future shale gas operations; 2) The Buffalo paper covered layoffs of significant WNY and CNY staff; 3) It announced negotiations with bond-holders in an effort to restructure its debt; 4) Retail-level stockholders briefly worked to organize in order to stave off further dilution of their stock value; 5) Oslo stock exchange and over-the-counter share values plunged from 0.90 in Norwegian kroner (NOK) to as low as 0.10 (though it's bounced back some since); and, lastly, 6) Norse most recently publicly listed most of its assets for sale through a specialized broker [PDF if you click].

The simplest explanation for Norse's way-early Marcellus filing is that the company currently has no other niche for staying alive within the difficult business eco-system of New York State, except to continue to build expectations that its mineral interests might finally be allowed by regulators to be put into production for shale gas.  Norse's primary focus area in CNY runs from southern Madison County, through Chenango County, and into eastern Broome County, and it consistently reports holding mineral rights to about 130,000 acres in this area — some outright, but most under leases signed by eager upstate landowners.

Keep in mind that neither of Norse's two recent applications (Utica or Marcellus), nor any of the roughly 60 similar applications put of record by industry statewide during 2008 and 2009, are going anywhere anytime soon.  All these filings just sit there as a kind of yellowing stack of paper, marking the tip of an iceberg of pent-up business interest in New York State — all thwarted by massive political conflict, and a regulatory establishment that, in hindsight, was simply not ready for either.

Again, New York State still hasn't finalized its drilling rules for these kinds of projects.  In fact, there is still another round of undoubtedly colorful public hearings scheduled during this month, and even 2012 is starting to look iffie for an end to the state's now-nearly-four-year-old shale gas moratorium, to hear some people talk about it.

Upstate Republican, Kolb of Canandaigua, Joins the NIMBYs

Not a good sign, people.

NYS Assembly Minority Leader Brian Kolb, a Republican from Canandaigua, yesterday announced that he had already gone forward with a comment to the state DEC, requesting that it create yet another setback impeding shale gas development in upstate.

Kolb innocently asks:  How about no surface operations (and no underground operations?) within 4,000 feet of all ten Finger Lakes?  (This does not count Skaneateles among the other Finger Lakes, because that one has already been double-buffered with a differently worded no-drill zone, authored by the state DEC.)

Media coverage has given the sloppy, sloppy, sloppy impression that this would amount to the same "protection" already erected around Skaneateles Lake (unfiltered Syracuse domestic water supply), and certain Catskills Reservoirs (unfiltered NYC water) — both as stated in the DEC's already drafted drill plan. 

But that is not correct.  On the one hand, those SGEIS Version 2.0 setbacks were phrased as no shale-gas-related surface operations 4,000 feet back from the edges of the whole respective watersheds, not just the lake shorelines.  This is far more restrictive than Kolb's plan, which seems to think that the edge of each lake is what's key.  On the other hand, those already stony state restrictions are phrased in such a way as to quietly endorse the ingenious and worthy techniques of horizontal drilling (and hydraulic fracturing), reaching into — and possibly even all the way through — these buffer zones, but from deep underground, from the sidelines.  This is far less restrictive than the way in which Kolb appears to have stated his knuckle-headed idea.

So now we appear to have — as a newly proposed surrender coming from a seemingly unlikely, pro-enterprise source — a no-surface-disturbance and no-underground disturbance setback of 4,000 feet from the water's edge of all remaining Finger Lakes.

Do you know how much land that affects? 

Do you know how much non-renewable natural resource this orphans without cause?

From a political point of view, I understand that Kolb has a lot of spooked supporters, otherwise reclining comfortably in their living rooms overlooking the waterfront.  But, from an environmental point of view, it's completely unnecessary.

And it's not a good sign that even upstate Republicans such as Kolb are already ready to undermine the opportunity posed by shale gas with feel-good, sound-good, look-good restrictions — that also quietly have the effect of stripping their own constituents of significant property rights.

Actually, can you guess the Number One landowner that would lose in this instance? 

It's the State of New York itself! 

Technically (and I think this legal argument would hold up, if challenged), NYS owns the oil and gas in place under all those Finger Lakes.  With onshore horizontal drilling technology (and economics) currently making possible mile-long or longer laterals, a fair share of these acres and acres of deep-under-lake natural gas could, in fact, be extracted over time from wellheads set up comfortably upon agricultural and forest land ringing each lake.  It may sound crazy to the uninitiated, but private- and public-sector planners could easily use their GIS systems to map out lake-surrounding sequences of intelligently spaced drill pad locations, all owned by willing participants, far uphill from all the wealthy folks with the waterfront homes.

But now Kolb ignorantly proposes to push back the starting position for reaching that natural resource by 4,000 feet. 

Total dumbass!

Furthermore, if you applied Kolb's pseudo-protective mentality to every piece of flat or flowing surface water in New York State — then, of course, there would very soon be not a single spot left upon which any operator could legally hoist up a rig.

Talk about a slippery slope!

Let's not go any further in this direction.